Both Union and Confederate armies used the narrower stretches of the Potomac to facilitate getting from Virginia to Maryland (and back). A few weeks ago, I was on the Northern Neck of Virginia (where the Potomac is much wider), contemplating the crossing of John Wilkes Booth. Today, though, I was above Washington and Great Falls, on the Maryland side. The crossing almost looks swimmable from here.
I drove first to Edwards Ferry, where 50,ooo Union troops camped in 1861 and from where Thaddeus Lowe launched his reconnaissance balloon.
Across the way was Ball's Bluff. As always, I like to see if Julia mentioned this place or others nearby. Yes--
She wrote in early November 1861:
Our troops have been defeated at Edwards Ferry & many of them wounded & killed. Someone is terribly to blame, for it was a rash, & ill advised affair on our part. Col. Baker was killed. [Baker was a member of Congress from Oregon and a friend of President Lincoln. Noble intentions, but not cut out for military strategy.]
A year later, as she prepared to come to Washington, she learned her brother-in-law Joseph Von Buskirk was camped there. She was hoping he was closer to Washington, but
"he thinks perhaps I can come there with the mail boy, who belongs to their co." [This did not happen.]
In late 1863, Gen. Hooker led 70,000 troops across the river from Virginia and on to Gettysburg at Edwards Ferry, using two pontoon bridges constructed for the purpose.
From there, I went up to Whites Ferry, about 5 miles west along a gravel road with an occasional farm alongside it--very "back to the past" in Montgomery County. A ferry began in 1817; after the Civil War, a Confederate officer named Elijah White bought the business. He named his boat in honor of his officer, Gen. Jubal Early. It's still called White's Ferry, it's still called the Jubal A. Early, and the business still occasionally runs afoul of the U.S. Coast Guard. I supposed that would warm Elijah White's heart.
Lee and McClellan both used the narrow crossing near White's Ferry, as this sign explains when Lee crossed to try to rally support in Maryland en route to Antietam. The sign noted that one resident called the troops "the dirtiest, filthiest, piractical-looking, cut throat men I ever saw....Yet there was a dash about them that the Northern men lacked." While plenty of Confederate sympathizers no doubt lived in and near White's Ferry, apparently not enough saw the "dash" as enough to side with the South as Lee and his men marched through.
Julia visited this area in 1866 as part of an expedition up the C&O Canal to Harpers Ferry (the subject of a future post).